A.P.* Multiple Choice: Juno and Carthage (Aeneid 1.12-22)
* = Abney Practice

Read this passage about Juno and Carthage from the Aeneid.
Then choose the correct answer for the questions that follow. 

Ekkehard's Waltharii Poesis


Urbs antiqua fuit, Tyrii tenuere coloni,
Karthago, Italiam contra Tiberinaque longe
ostia, dives opum studiisque asperrima belli;
quam Iuno fertur terris magis omnibus unam
posthabita coluisse Samo; hic illius arma,                            5
hic currus fuit; hoc regnum dea gentibus esse,
si qua fata sinant, iam tum tenditque fovetque.
Progeniem sed enim Troiano a sanguine duci
audierat, Tyrias olim quae verteret arces;
hinc populum late regem belloque superbum                       10
venturum excidio Libyae: sic volvere Parcas.

Aeneid 1.12-22

(Excerpt from the Aeneid, available online here: Book 1. )

1. Identify the verb form tenuere (line 1)
present active infinitive
perfect active indicative
imperfect subjunctive
passive imperative

2. Identify the figure of speech in line 2.
synchesis (interlocking word order)

3. On what does the word studiis depend (line 3)?
dives (line 3)
opum (line 3)
asperrima (line 3)
belli (line 3)

4. What is the correct translation of the phrase
    terris . . . omnibus in its context (line 4)?
more than all other lands
more from all other lands
more in all other lands
more for all other lands

5. The form coluisse (line 5) is determined by
quam (line 4)
fertur (line 4)
terris (line 4)
posthabita (line 5)

6. What figure of speech is found in lines 5-6?
synchesis (interlocking word order)

7. What is the antecedent sensewise, albeit not
    grammatically, of hoc (line 6)?
urbs (line 1)
Iuno (line 4)
arma (line 5)
currus (line 6)

8. What figure of speech occurs in audierat (line 9)?

9. What is the correct translation of the phrase
    Tyrias . . . arces (line 9)?
to overturn Carthaginian citadels someday
which were once overturning Trojan citadels
these Carthaginian citadels were someday to be
who had once overturned Trojan citadels

10. Identify the use of the form venturum (line 11).
present active participle
future active participle
future active infinitive

11. What is the allusion in the phrase
      venturum . . . Libyae (line 11)?
that Aeneas will abandon Dido
that Aeneas will soon arrive in Africa
that Dido has herself just come to Libya
that Carthage will be destroyed

12. Whom does Vergil call the Parcas (line 11)?
the Fates
the Furies
the Carthaginians
the Greeks