A.P.* Multiple Choice: The Winds Set Out (Aeneid 1.81-91)
* = Abney Practice

Read this passage about the release of the winds from Aeolia and the storm that follows in the Aeneid.
Then choose the correct answer for the questions that follow. 

The Aeneid


Haec ubi dicta, cavum conversa cuspide montem
impulit in latus; ac venti velut agmine facto,
qua data porta, ruunt et terras turbine perflant.
incubuere mari totumque a sedibus imis
una Eurusque Notusque ruunt creberque procellis                  5
Africus, et vastos volvunt ad litora fluctus.
insequitur clamorque virum stridorque rudentum;
eripiunt subito nubes caelumque diemque
Teucrorum ex oculis; ponto nox incubat atra;
intonuere poli et crebris micat ignibus aether                       10
praesentemque viris intentant omnia mortem.

Aeneid 1.81-91

(Excerpt from the Aeneid, available online here: Book 1. )

1. Besides alliteration, what two figures of speech

    occur in line 1?
synecdoche and chiasmus
chiasmus and ellipsis
syncope and metonymy
synchesis (interlocking word order) and metonymy

2. What is the point of the simile velut . . . facto

    (line 2)?
The winds are like soldiers in formation.
The winds move like dancers in the mountains.
The winds are like rows of crops.
The winds dart like arrows.

3. What is the correct translation of qua . . . porta

    (line 3)?
by which means they make a gate
wherever a gate is put
which gate having been given them
putting a gate for them

4. What are the case and number of mari (line 4)?
ablative singular
dative singular
nominative plural
genitive singular

5. What figure of speech occurs in line 5?
synchesis (interlocking word order)

6. What is the correct scansion of the first four feet of

    line 5?

7. How might the meter reinforce the message in line 5?
The solemnity of the event is emphasized.
The organization of the winds is stressed.
It downplays the seriousness.
A sudden storm follows a pause.

8. Which wind is Notus (line 5)?
southeast wind
(west) southwest wind
south wind
west wind

9. What is the correct translation of vastos . . . fluctus

     (line 6)?
they roll vast waves to the shores
vast waves roll to the shores
vast waves are rolled to the shores
waves are rolling to the vast shores

10. What figures of speech occur in line 7?
polysyndeton and onomatopoeia
synchesis (interlocking word order) and alliteration
polysyndeton and synchesis (interlocking word

onomatopoeia and zeugma

11. What is happening in the passage eripiunt . . .

     oculis (lines 8-9)?
The day is ending.
The Trojans spend a day and night at sea.
The storm overwhelms the Trojans.
Trojans are snatched up by a whirlwind.

12. What figure of speech occurs in line 11?
synchesis (interlocking word order)

13. What is the point of the figure of speech in line 11?
We hear the storm.
The abrupt change of thought indicates the

The word order mirrors the chaos.
Death engulfs the Trojans.