Marcus: Ecce statuae deōrum! Hīc sunt multī dī quī Rōmānōs amant.
Sextus: Mārs est deus bellī. Mārtis animal lupus est.
Marcus: Sed tū lupum timēs et arborem ascendis ubi lupum vidēs.
Sextus: Ego deum Mārtem amō quod Mārs pater Rōmulī est, et Rōmulus pater urbis Rōmae est.
Cornēlia: Minimē. Tū Mārtem amās quod Mārs quoque ignāvus est! Minerva est dea bellī et Mārtem semper superat. Ego
Jacques Louis Davis, Battle of Minerva and Mars
courtesy of copyright holder Kathleen Cohen
Sextus: Estō. Tū Minervam amās quod Minerva lānam trahit et tū quoque lānam trahis quod tū puella es.
Diego Velázquez, The Spinners (The Fable of Arachne)
courtesy of VRoma
Click here to read a story about Minerva.
(NOTE: You may find all the forms of the irregular Latin noun deus available online.
Find forms of deus and other irregular Latin nouns online.)
1. What do we learn about Mars from the remarks of
He has many temples.
The outdoors is sacred to him.
The Romans love him.
The wolf is sacred to him.
2. What "downer" does Marcus dredge up?
Sextus can't climb trees.
Sextus is irreligious.
Sextus is afraid of wolves.
The gods have cursed Rome.
3. What is the relationship of Mars to Rome, according to
Mars is the "father" of Rome.
Mars is the great protector of Rome.
Mars is the ancient enemy of Rome.
Mars is the "grandfather" of Rome.
4. What do Mars and Minerva have in common, according
Warfare is their joint realm of influence.
They both use fear to get what they want.
Both favor Cornelia.
They have nothing in common.
5. What do Mars and Sextus have in common, according
She dislikes both of them.
Wolves are their favorite animals.
They are always getting in fights.
Both are cowardly.
6. Which word in Cornelia's remarks indicates that
Minerva is a better fighter than Mars?
7. What difference about males and females in the
Roman world may we infer from Sextus's last
As a warrior goddess, Minerva favors males.
As a goddess, Minerva favors females.
Females are expected to do housework.
Only males worship Minerva.